Are you concerned about your Aloe Vera plant turning brown and soft? As an Aloe Vera enthusiast, it can be disheartening to see your once vibrant and healthy plant deteriorating. However, there are several reasons why this might be happening, and thankfully, there are also solutions to revive your precious Aloe Vera plant. In this article, we will explore the ten common causes behind an Aloe Vera plant turning brown and soft, along with effective solutions to help you restore its health and beauty.

2. Overwatering

Overwatering is one of the most common reasons for an Aloe Vera plant’s decline. Aloe Vera plants have succulent leaves that store water, making them susceptible to root rot if their roots are consistently saturated. Excessive moisture can cause the leaves to turn brown and feel mushy to the touch.

To remedy this issue, ensure that you provide your Aloe Vera plant with well-draining soil and water it only when the top inch of soil feels dry. Allow the soil to dry out between watering sessions to prevent overwatering.

3. Underwatering

On the other hand, underwatering can also lead to brown and soft Aloe Vera leaves. When deprived of water, the leaves will start to shrivel and turn brown, signaling dehydration.

To address this problem, water your Aloe Vera plant regularly but avoid overwatering. Strike a balance by providing enough water to keep the soil slightly moist, but not waterlogged.

4. Insufficient Light

Aloe Vera plants require an ample amount of sunlight to thrive. Inadequate light exposure can cause the leaves to lose their vibrant green color and become brown and soft.

Place your Aloe Vera plant near a bright window where it can receive indirect sunlight for several hours a day. If natural light is limited, you can supplement it with artificial grow lights to ensure your plant gets the necessary light it needs.

5. Extreme Temperatures

Extreme temperatures can have a detrimental impact on the health of your Aloe Vera plant. Exposure to freezing temperatures or prolonged exposure to high heat can cause the leaves to turn brown and feel mushy.

Keep your Aloe Vera plant in an environment with temperatures between 55°F (13°C) and 80°F (27°C). Protect it from drafts and extreme weather conditions to maintain its well-being.

6. Nutritional Deficiencies

Like any other living organism, Aloe Vera plants require essential nutrients to thrive. Nutritional deficiencies can manifest in the form of brown and soft leaves.

Ensure your Aloe Vera plant receives a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for succulents. Follow the recommended dosage and frequency of application to provide your plant with the necessary nutrients it needs to stay healthy.

7. Pest Infestation

Pest infestations can wreak havoc on your Aloe Vera plant, causing its leaves to discolor and become soft. Common pests that affect Aloe Vera plants include mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids.

Inspect your plant regularly for signs of pests and take immediate action if you detect any. Use organic insecticidal soap or neem oil to eliminate the pests and protect your Aloe Vera plant from further damage.

8. Fungal or Bacterial Infections

Fungal or bacterial infections can also contribute to the browning and softening of Aloe Vera leaves. These infections often occur due to poor air circulation, high humidity, or overwatering.

To address this issue, remove any infected leaves or parts of the plant to prevent the spread of infection. Improve air circulation around your Aloe Vera plant by providing adequate spacing and avoiding overcrowding.

9. Potting Mix Issues

The potting mix you use for your Aloe Vera plant plays a crucial role in its overall health. Improper soil composition or using a dense mix that retains too much moisture can lead to browning and softening of the leaves.

Repot your Aloe Vera plant using a well-draining potting mix specifically designed for succulents. Ensure that the new pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging and promote healthy root growth.

10. Natural Aging Process

Lastly, it’s important to recognize that the natural aging process can cause the lower leaves of an Aloe Vera plant to turn brown and soft. As the plant grows and matures, the older leaves may naturally die off to make room for new growth.

Trim away the brown and soft leaves to maintain the plant’s aesthetic appeal and redirect its energy towards healthier foliage.


In conclusion, a brown and soft Aloe Vera plant can be a cause for concern, but with proper care and attention, you can revive its health and beauty. By addressing the underlying causes such as overwatering, underwatering, insufficient light, extreme temperatures, nutritional deficiencies, pest infestation, fungal or bacterial infections, potting mix issues, and understanding the natural aging process, you can ensure your Aloe Vera plant thrives and continues to provide you with its incredible benefits.


Q1: How often should I water my Aloe Vera plant?

A1: Water your Aloe Vera plant when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering by allowing the soil to dry out between watering sessions.

Q2: Can I use regular potting soil for my Aloe Vera plant?

A2: It is recommended to use a well-draining potting mix specifically designed for succulents to ensure proper water drainage and prevent moisture-related issues.

Q3: How can I prevent pest infestations on my Aloe Vera plant?

A3: Regularly inspect your plant for signs of pests and take immediate action if detected. Use organic insecticidal soap or neem oil to eliminate pests and protect your plant.

Q4: Why are the leaves of my Aloe Vera plant turning brown and mushy?

A4: Brown and mushy leaves can indicate overwatering or root rot. Ensure proper drainage and water your plant only when the top inch of soil is dry.

Q5: Can I propagate a healthy Aloe Vera plant from the brown and soft leaves?

A5: It is best to propagate new Aloe Vera plants from healthy, mature leaves rather than brown and soft ones. Select firm, green leaves for successful propagation.